Britain has been paying attention to the children's play environment in the city since the beginning of the 20th century, involving children's psychology, social research, urban environment and other fields. After nearly a hundred years of improvement and development, a series of more mature practice and research results have been produced. Its experience in the construction of children's play environment is worth learning from.
Before the Industrial Revolution, British children's play activities usually took place in the villages and communities where they lived. The streets and alleys near their homes were the main spaces for children to play and grow up. In the early 1820s, the emergence of motor vehicle traffic and the increasingly complex composition of people on urban streets made the streets no longer suitable for children's play spaces. Therefore, in order to enable children to perform activities in relatively independent isolated areas, a "playground" in the modern sense was created.
In 1859, the world's first public, freely accessible playground was born in the gardens of Manchester, England. Since then, as a basic public facility, playgrounds have begun to be built in other countries.
After the Second World War, more and more designs based on functionalism made urban spaces less suitable for children's play activities. In 1945, the British landscape architect and children's rights activist Marjorie Allen introduced the concept of adventure playgrounds to the UK and began to practice it on the ruins of London.
In 1951, a bomb ruin in London became the first adventure playground in the UK. Such places are not typical playgrounds, but empty public spaces for children to build, create and shape their own environment. To this day, adventure playgrounds are still an important form of children's play space in the UK, and have an important impact on the construction of playgrounds in other countries in the world.
In December 1991, the British government signed the Convention on the Rights of the Child, stating that “children have the right to rest and leisure time, engage in games and entertainment activities appropriate for their age, and freely participate in cultural life and artistic activities”. At this time, the safety and accessibility of children's play environment and children's free use of public space began to be valued. Children's play behaviors are no longer limited to specific playgrounds, and communities begin to re-emerge as an important space for children's play.
At the same time, game spaces designed around communities such as "Game Street" and "Residential Zone" began to become popular in the UK. These play spaces do not need to be structured. Children can play anywhere and ensure proper safety.